Monthly Archives: May 2011
|Chickpea soup Castilian style|
Other early crops:
|PPNA people did not make pottery but stone vessels (source)|
|Göbekli Tepe – I always see a plow here – call me crazy if you wish|
|Yellow lines outline the deserts of Arabia, Nefud being at the North|
Major hydrological variations associated with glacial and interglacial climates in North Africa and the Levant have been related to Middle Paleolithic occupations and dispersals, but suitable archaeological sites to explore such relationships are rare on the Arabian Peninsula. Here we report the discovery of Middle Paleolithic assemblages in the Nefud Desert of northern Arabia associated with stratified deposits dated to 75,000 years ago. The site is located in close proximity to a substantial relict lake and indicates that Middle Paleolithic hominins penetrated deeply into the Arabian Peninsula to inhabit landscapes vegetated by grasses and some trees. Our discovery supports the hypothesis of range expansion by Middle Paleolithic populations into Arabia during the final humid phase of Marine Isotope Stage 5, when environmental conditions were still favorable.
- Armitage 2011 (PPV, discussed here), which proposed a coastal migration c. 125 Ka. ago via South Arabia
- Petraglia 2010 (accessible at Scribd) which extensively analyzes occupations Middle Paleolithic occupations in Arabia and South Asia
- Bailey 2009 (Lower and Middle Paleolithic in Arabia peninsula) and Rose 2010 (Persian Gulf, then firm or swampy land, oasis). Both discussed here along with Fields 2007 on modeling migrations across South Asia.
|“Neanderthal finds” refers to skeletal ones only and they have forgotten Palestine anyhow|
(Thanks to Tim, by the way).
- Three blue cups
- Three cups blue
- Cups blue three
- U2: 30 Ka BP: Kostenki, Russia
- H: 25 Ka BP: Sunghir, Russia (H17’27).
- If you don’t like this one, then Epipaleolithic Portugal (H1b)
- U5 and JT (JT*): 18 Ka BP: Nerja, Andalusia, Spain
- U4: 12 Ka BP: Taforalt, Morocco
- HV0 (probably V): Neolithic Portugal and East Germany
- K: 11 Ka BP: Tell Halula (Neolithic Syria/Kurdistan)
- N1, W, J and T: Neolithic Central Europe
- X: Neolithic West France
I also spotted an “Oriental” lineage in Chalcolithic Castelló: either D1 or G1a1 (one of the five L3(xR) in the map).
PS- Spreadsheet (ods format) that I used in this work is uploaded here (for one year).
Yesterday the latest ArchaeoNews bulletin (from Stone Pages) arrived to my mailbox. Here there are some of the news items that I found more interesting:
Cave bear remains argued to be clue to Grotte Chauvet paintings’ age
Parts of lion-man sculpture found
Does Hoffecker attempt to rescue ‘modern behavior’ theories from the junk yard?
|John Hoffecker working at Kostenki|