The last great ape* to be sequenced has been the bonobo, it complements the Homo sapiens, Neanderthal, Denisovan
(probably a hybrid), chimpanzee, gorilla
and orangutan genomes:
The reference genome was sequenced from a female bonobo captive at Leizpig Zoo, known as Ulundi.
The genome will, hopefully, help understand better the genetic basis of our being as humans and, maybe also get some inferences on our prehistory.
Stubbornly under-estimating divergence times by almost 100%
In this sense I want to emphasize that the paper insists in producing Pan-Homo and internal Pan divergence times that are irrationally low. The cause of this systematic error that persists through some literature seems to be rooted on the Homo-Pongo divergence estimate, which I do not know the details about but seems from context to be an extreme under-estimate.
So unless the geology is wrong, bonobos and chimpanzees diverged 1.5 to 2 million years ago, and not a mere million years ago, as this paper claims.
This has important implications for the Homo-Pan divergence age, as I have discussed again and again. Assuming that the 4.5:1 ration estimated in this paper is correct, then the actual Homo-Pan divergence age ranges between 6.8 to 9.0 million years ago
a mere 4.5 Ma), with a median of 7.9 Ma, quite similar to the 8 Ma
estimate I have been defending
since the Caswell paper was published in 2008.
* Note: I know someone will say that Homo sp. are not “apes” but I say Homo are a subset of the great apes clade (Hominidae) phylogenetically and therefore great apes ourselves – something to be irrationally proud of, of course.