- Liujiang skull (at Don’s Maps, at P. Brown’s site, at Bradshaw Foundation), from Guangxi-Zhuang, is clearly a modern Homo sapiens but the exact date is not known because it was originally dug with very limited means. Recent datings of nearby sediment suggest an age of 68-139 Ka but this is hotly debated.
- Zhirendong jaw (at this blog, at PhysOrg), also from Guangxi-Zhuang and dated to before 100,000 years ago (110,000 years ago according to first reports), is argued to be a modern Homo sapiens but its very ancient date and some unavoidable ambiguity of such limited skeletal evidence allow for some skepticism, if you are so inclined.
- Callao cave metatarsal (foot) bone (at Leherensuge) is dated to before 67,000 years ago and comes from Luzon, the largest Filipino island, but because of its small size cannot be ascribed to any human species safely. All we can say is that they knew how to use rafts or boats – but then Homo floresiensis (H. erectus?) did too.
- Also some non-skeletal evidence to consider:
- 120,000 years old stone tools from Japan ··> Leherensuge.
- 130,000 years old “African-like” stone tools from Crete ··> Leherensuge.
- Stone tools from Papua are at least 49,000 years old ··> this blog.
- Early Indians used Southern African style MSA tools c. 80,000 years ago ··> Petraglia 2007 (ppv).
- Growing evidence for a first out of Africa (into Arabia, Palestine) migration since c. 125,000 years ago ··> at this blog for example: Dhofar’s Nubian culture, various Africa-to-Arabia scenarios, Nefud, Arabian coastal route 130 Ka. ago; also at WP: Skhul and Qahfzeh people from Palestine (ill dated but very very old).
Whichever is your personal take, it is clear that this skull adds up in support of a very old colonization of East Asia. The question is: exactly how old?
Update: a creative reconstruction by H. Zänder: