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L0k lineages found in Zambia

19 Jan
Only the abstract is available to me as of now:
Chiara Barbieri et al., Ancient Substructure in Early mtDNA Lineages of Southern Africa. AJHG 2013. Pay per view (6 month embargo, then freely accessible) → LINK [doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.12.010]
Abstract

Among the deepest-rooting clades in the human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) phylogeny are the haplogroups defined as L0d and L0k, which are found primarily in southern Africa. These lineages are typically present at high frequency in the so-called Khoisan populations of hunter-gatherers and herders who speak non-Bantu languages, and the early divergence of these lineages led to the hypothesis of ancient genetic substructure in Africa. Here we update the phylogeny of the basal haplogroups L0d and L0k with 500 full mtDNA genome sequences from 45 southern African Khoisan and Bantu-speaking populations. We find previously unreported subhaplogroups and greatly extend the amount of variation and time-depth of most of the known subhaplogroups. Our major finding is the definition of two ancient sublineages of L0k (L0k1b and L0k2) that are present almost exclusively in Bantu-speaking populations from Zambia; the presence of such relic haplogroups in Bantu speakers is most probably due to contact with ancestral pre-Bantu populations that harbored different lineages than those found in extant Khoisan. We suggest that although these populations went extinct after the immigration of the Bantu-speaking populations, some traces of their haplogroup composition survived through incorporation into the gene pool of the immigrants. Our findings thus provide evidence for deep genetic substructure in southern Africa prior to the Bantu expansion that is not represented in extant Khoisan populations.
See also at my old discontinued blog Leherensuge:
Notice from these last that both L0k and L0d have minor presence in Arabia (L0k2 in Yemen, and now it seems also in Zambia, and L0d3, shared between Khoisan and Kuwaitis).
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Posted by on January 19, 2013 in Africa, African genetics, mtDNA, Zambia

 

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